Australia

Living and Working in Australia

Sydney Opera House, AustraliaThe Commonwealth of Australia occupies the Australian continent. The country also includes some islands, most notably Tasmania. Indigenous people occupied the land for at least 40,000 years before the first British settlements of the 18th century.

Australia is an isolated, arid and the smallest continent, located between the pacific and Indian oceans in the southern hemisphere. It is one of the largest countries on the Earth. It is a land of vast plains. More than one-third of Australia is desert.  Canberra, is Australia’s capital city.  Australia is known as the “The Last of Lands’ as it was the last continent, apart from Antarctica, to be explored by Europeans.

Australia has the world’s best education system for higher studies and has bagged 8th position in the worldwide rankings. The primary and secondary school education is compulsory and free. It also offers great employment opportunities to eligible skilled expats who move to Australia. One source says there are more than 600 occupations in demand here with new industries and business are blooming. The cities with more job opportunities are Sydney, Perth, Melbourne, Brisbane & Gold Coast Adelaide.

Many people choose Australia as their homes because of its beautiful natural landscapes and sceneries. With less population and less pollution, you are sure to enjoy fresh air and healthy environment.  If you are a beach lover, Australia is the Best Choice! Its coastline covers almost 50,000 km and is linked by over 10,000 beaches, the highest in the world.

The Following Factors Speak For An Immigration To Australia

  • Good Entrepreneurship
  • Good for Adventure
  • Good Cultural Influence
  • Open for Business
  • Good Economic Strength
  • Very good Quality of Life
  • Very good for Education
  • Good Green Living
  • Good for Raising Kids
  • Good for Women
  • Fast Feeling at Home

Traveling information

Since September’22 traveling requirements concerning Covid-19 has changed. Vaccination documents are no longer needed to be produced at the entry or exit destinations in Australia. Masks are also not compulsory on flights. Under the Australia’s vaccination program, every citizen in Australia as well as international travelers can get Covid-19 vaccine free of charge.

Visa is required to enter Australia except Australian Passport holders, who do not need visa to enter Australia. Those who hold New Zealand passport can travel to Australia without visa, however they need to get visa on arrival at the airport. For travelers who are in transit through Australia also require visa. Entry to Australia will be denied if you have a criminal record with any country and also if there is a re-entry ban.

People

Australia is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse nations. It has a population of over 25 million people owing to the large number of immigrants moving to Australia every year. Local Residents are very friendly and welcoming. People here enjoy a balanced lifestyle. Family and party times plays an important part of Australians.

Australians are passionate about sports. The Australian rules football or Aussie rules is a game invented by the Australians. They also enjoy swimming, surfing, sailing, soccer, cricket, tennis, bowling green & rugby.  Australians love Coffee and you will find coffee shops everywhere. This is the best destination for you if you are also a Coffee Lover.

How to immigrate  to Australia

Australia has a non-discriminatory immigration policy and in the past 2 decades between 76,000 to 120,000 immigrants arrived each year in Australia in mainly four categories:  Skilled migrants, Family reunion, Humanitarian migration and Special migration.

Since 1920s Australia is accommodating migrants from all over the world especially couples. The migration agents actively assist people who would like to travel here no matter from which country they are.

Australian offers Partner Visa for partners married to permanent/citizens of Australia. Visa can be procured for people who are in living relationships (de-facto relationship). A person can also get visa if he/she wants to visit Australia to get married to an Australian.

There are different types of visas that you can get in Australian depends upon your use. The list of Visas is: 

  • Visitor Visa – There are 6 categories in the Visitor Visa.
  • Studying and Training Visa – There are 3 categories in this
  • Family and Partner Visa – There are 23 categories in this
  • Working and Skilled Visas- There are 24 categories in this
  • Refugee and Humanitarian Visa – There are 5 categories in this
  • Other Visas- There are 13 categories in this
  • Repealed Visa- There are 46 categories in this 

For more information of Getting a Visa for Australia see: immi.homeaffairs.gov.au

Job offers in Australia

Australia offers lots of jobs opportunities to skilled migrates. Currently due to Covid-19, the Australian Skilled Migration Programme is closed unless your job is on the priority occupation skilled migration list. Applicants can apply for occupations listed on the new Priority Migration Skilled Occupation List (PMSOL) and can get exemption from Australian’s travel restrictions.  The Skilled Occupation Lists all jobs shortage areas where migrant skilled workers can apply. Currently there are over 200 occupations listed. Here are some jobs category which are in demand since 2021. These are Nurses, School Teachers, Software & Applications Programmers, Electricians, Solicitors, chefs, Psychologists etc.

For the most in demand jobs in Australia, visit blog.pssremovals.com

Unemployment Rate

In Australia the percentage of unemployment rose to 5.2 in October’21 from 4.6% in September’21. This figure is based on survey taken before the lockdowns were lifted. Reports says that with job vacancies still running at high records this fallout should be transitory.

For more information on unemployment rate in Australia, visit tradingeconomics.com

Economy of Australia

Australia has a steady economic growth for years. The GDP was worth 1330.90 billion US dollars in 2020 and  is expected to reach 1370.00 USD billion by the end of 2021.  According to the International Monetary fund Australian economy is set to become the world’s 13th largest economy in 2022. Australia accounts to 1.6% of the global economy with just 0.3% of the world’s population living there.

Renting and buying of real estate’s for foreigner

As an expat you can buy a property in Australia. The FHOG (first Home Owner Grant) offered by the Australian Government provides residence to anyone above the age of 18 who holds a permanent residence Visa. The property can be of any type but must not be occupied or sold and is qualified by the FHOG. A grant of $10,000 AD ($7738 USD approx.) is granted by the government to the eligible applicant.

If you are on temporary Visa and is a non-resident, you can buy non-residential property after getting permission from the FIRB (Foreign Investment Review Board). Citizens of New Zealand does not need FIRB’s approval. Applications for housing property to be submitted to ATO (Australian Taxation Office) for approval.

For guide to buying property in Australia visit www.homeloanexperts.com.au

The property is higher in cities and much cheaper in the suburbs. A best way to start looking for a suitable place is browsing all the real estate portals.  The most well-known property websites are:

www.domain.com.au
www.property.com.au
www.realestateview.com.au
hwww.realestate.com.au

Currency and payment transaction

Australian Dollar (AUD) is the national currency of Australia.

The Currency is available in notes in the following denominations  $5, $10, $20 & $100 and coins are available in $1, 2$  and 5,10,20, 50 cents. Currency can be exchanged in International Airports, Hotels, Banks.

Payments can be made by DD/CC in shops, hotels and restaurants can be made by EFTPOS (Electronic payment system), however fees may be charged on withdrawal from international accounts, so kindly check with your Bank before travelling.

All kinds of cards are accepted in Australia with surcharges in some merchandise; however the Travellers Cheques are not widely accepted.  It is advisable to buy travelers cheques in AUD.

Language

The official language of Australia is English. Australians have a unique accent, but they can be understood and communicating with them is quite easy. Australia is home to mixed culture who speak some 226 languages after English. There are many indigenous languages spoken by 12% of the total population of Australian. 

An estimated 300+ languages are spoken in Australia. The most spoken languages apart from English according to the 2016 census are:

For more details on the languages spoken in Australia, please visit: worldpopulationreview.com

Climate

Australia is an extremely hot Country. Due to its size, the country enjoys mainly six types of climate which are divided into following zones.

Equatorial
Tropical
Northern Section of Australia (Hot and Humid in Summer/Quite warm and dry in Winter)
Southern Part of Australia (Mild and Cooler Summer/ Sometimes rainy Winters)
Sub-tropical (Coastal Area of Queensland. Lady Elliot Island)
Desert
Grassland
Temperate Zone
Sydney (New South Wales)
Victoria (Great Ocean Road/East Gippsland/Philip Island)
Tasmania (Kangaroo Island, Eyre Peninsula) and most of south Australia
The Temperate Zone has following four seasons:
Spring:  September to November-Average temperature: Min.10o C and Max.20oC)
Summer: December to February – Average temperature: Min.16o C and Max.26oC)
Autumn (Fall): March to May – Average temperature: Min.11o C and Max.20oC)
Winter: June to August – Average temperature: Min.6o C and Max.14oC)

Cost of Living in Australia

Cost of living is high in Australia, especially if you are migrating to study. It depends on your level of education and your education provider. It largely depends on the location as well. Currently Australia stands 16th highest cost of living in the world, much higher than USA and UK.

Most of the expats choose Sydney and Melbourne to settle. Sydney ranks third in a list of the world’s most livable cities, with its beautiful beaches, excellent weather and outdoor lifestyle.  On the other hand Melbourne is a cosmopolitan city with thriving restaurants and arts scene. Australia’s public transport rail, bus and ferries are reasonably priced, which are covered by swipe-on-swipe-off opal card that can be topped up.

For an approximate guide to your budget planning if you are planning to study in Australia visit : www.studyaustralia.gov.au

Important numbers and addresses 

Triple Zero (000) is Australia’s main emergency number. You can call 000 in case of help from Police, Fire and Ambulance. This number can be called in case you are involved in an accident, seriously ill or even if your life and property is threatened.   You can also download the Emergency app for free on the smartphone, which tracks the exact location in case of emergency situation. It can be downloaded from Google Play or Apple App.

For a detailed guidelines on Australia’s emergency number visit: www.acma.gov.au/emergency-calls

Australian Human Rights Commission
GPO Box 5218
Sydney NSW 2001
Tel: 1300 369 711 (Hours 9:00 am to 5:00 pm AEST)

Australian Public Service Commission – National Office
B Block, Treasury Building,
Parkes Place West, Parkes ACT 2600
Postal Address:
GPO Box 3176, Canberra ACT 2601

Australian Public Service Commission – Sydney Office
Level 22, 580 George Street,
Sydney NSW 2000
Postal Address:
PO Box 20636, World Square Post Office, Sydney NSW 2002

Tourism Australia Head Office
GPO BOX 2721, Sydnay NSW 1006
Ph. + 61 2 9360 1111
Email: ask.us@tourism.australia.com

Summary 

Australia is the 6th largest country and the smallest of the world’s continents which is surrounded by water. The population of Australia is around 26 million. It’s home to the most unique animal’s life, bird species. Some unique species of Reptiles are found in this beautiful continent. Snakes, Lizards, Turtles and crocodiles to name a few among the 869 reptiles’ species that are found here. There are some 10,685 beaches in this country, with some rated as the world’s most beautiful beaches. Australia invites immigrants from all around the world and is one of the best countries to stay and work.

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