Turkey

Why Turkey Could Be A Good Choice For Immigration

Republic of Türkiye, commonly known as Turkey is an intercontinental country located majorly in western Asian continent with a small portion in the Southeast Europe. It shares coastline with Black Sea to the north, countries like Georgia, Armenia, and Iran in the east, Iraq in the south east, Syria and Cyprus along with Mediterranean Sea in the south, Greece and Bulgaria in the west. Ankara is the capital but Istanbul is the financial hub and the largest city, which is considered as half in Asia and half in Europe. There are many tourist places in Turkey to visit like Galata Tower and Hagia Sophia, a religious building, constructed as a church, later became a mosque, then museum and now again declared as mosque, was built in the 6th century. This country is also famous for its tea (Kahve) or (Çayı) and coffee. Turkey is an Islamic country but allows everybody to follow their religion and this makes it a culturally diverse. This is an upper middle class country.

Turkey is a good place to live as it is gives quality life to its residents and is cultural, open and welcoming country. This is a country where you can settle easily and gives you a home like feeling. Many foreigners, who have come here to work or study, praised this country for its diverse environment and low cost living. This is a safe country to relocate without any issue. Turkey has favorable climate, a good lifestyle and most foreigners find that they get a decent value for money when they stay for a short or long term period in this country. The process of getting the residence permit, work visa or Turkish citizenship is easy. All these factors make Turkey an ideal and a good place to live and work. Therefore many expats consider it a great idea to living in Turkey. This country also has desert, mountains, beaches, big cities and small villages; a little something for every kind of people. The food here is amazing, the culture is unique and the prices are affordable. You can find a job here easily as it is a favorite tourist destination but it will be difficult to work here without knowing Turkish or English.

Traveling information:

All the restrictions regarding the covid-19 pandemic have been lifted by the Turkish Government and travelers entering this country need not to show the proof of vaccination or negative PCR test result but kindly note that these restrictions can be lifted anytime on a short notice. It is suggested to check with the airlines before you travel. Your passport must be valid for at least six months. There are some countries from where you can travel without visa for 90 days like Belgium, Norway, Ireland, United Kingdom, etc. Normal passport holders need to get a visa to enter Türkiye. They can get three months multiple entry E-visa and live in Türkiye till three months within six months starting from the first day of entry. You can go to Türkiye by road or by flight but it is suggested to travel to this country by flight only as this is the most comfortable way to reach here. Travelling to Turkey is by flight, also depends on the place you are travelling from. Direct flights are available to reach the major cities in Türkiye like Istanbul, Antalya, Ankara, Izmir and Gaziantep, etc., from many foreign countries. In this country there are several means of transport you can travel with like public buses, trains, trams, cars (rentals or Uber) and commercial flights. Always carry a copy of your passport and visa.

Documents Required

  • Passport with six month validity
  • Passport with at least one blank page
  • No visa required for less than 90 days stay (also depends on your nationality)
  • No vaccination certificate required.

For more travel advice please visit: www.visasturkey.com

How to immigrate:  

If you are planning your visit to Türkiye, then you need a valid passport and a visa, unless you come from a visa free country as citizens of many countries are able to travel to Türkiye without any visa. Most of the countries are allowed a visa exempt stay up to 90 days in Türkiye. Norway, Croatia, Belgium, Austria, Malta, Spain, Poland, Portugal, Netherlands, Ireland, and United Kingdom do not need a visa to visit to Türkiye for their stay up to 90 days. This is a safe country but travelling here needs more attentiveness.

You can get an e-visa and visit the country for three months. This system is 100% online, the only thing you have to do is fill an electronic application form and get the approved visa by email within 24 hours. Multiple entry visas for this country are available depending on your native country. Requirements may also vary. Travel regulations can change without notice to the public, so it is recommended to you that before you travel, check the current regulation with Travel Exploration or the Türkiye Embassy. You can also get the permanent residency after applying for it and if you have started a business or own a property in this nation.

Information to provide while filling the E-visa application form: 

  • Full name, as on the passport
  • Date of Birth
  • Place of Birth
  • Passport details with issuing and expiring

 For more information please visit:  www.visasturkey.com

People:

Citizens of Türkiye are called Turkish or Turks. These people are spread all over the world. They are very friendly, warm and hospitable. They have a sense of community. Many of them are fishermen and boat constructors, in cities people work as mechanics and craftsmen. Turkish tea is famous all over the world and when you meet them even in the first meeting they ask you to have tea with them. Turkish people are very proud of their country as you can see the Turkish flag in front of their houses. Türkiye is an Islamic country and 90 percent people here follow Islam. Türkiye has a rich history and is culturally diverse, which you can easily see in their lifestyle. Turks are tolerant, traditional, and happy people. They have different sides of their personality like they are friendly and have strong values. There are many different varieties of customs, music, food, dress and art in their culture. Delicacies like Simit, Lachmacun, Manti, Kebabs, etc are world famous. Female tourists are not required to cover their heads only local women cover. These people are open and welcoming as a result this country is home away from home for many expats.

Job offers:

Foreigners are not eligible for the jobs like hospital staff, some qualified trades, legal offices, etc., but there are other options like working in the Bars, Hotels, Tourism Industry, English Tutor, Internet freelancing, AU Pair, etc.  Getting a job in Türkiye is will be easier if you know Turkish or English and with the help of your network of international professional contacts. Making profile on platform like LinkedIn will be helpful.

Schools in Türkiye hire expats to teach English and ask for TEFL or TESOL certificate. Both the certificates are recognized all over the world. Jobs as a tutor can be found easily on the internet as many people are internet friendly these days.

Many international holiday companies hire people as airport or hotel reps, many of them provide accommodation which can be a perk.

If you have childcare education and have no criminal record then many Turkish families have jobs for an AU pair. Mostly in big cities like Izmir, Ankara, Istanbul you will get a good salary. Also there is one day off per week and you can stay with them, therefore you do not need to pay rent.

To get a job in this country you will need a work permit which will expire after a certain time and which you have to renew. There are some points you must work on, like discovering yourself, access the hidden job market, search online and then apply for jobs. Prepare a perfect CV format and then submit it.

 How to land a Job: 

  • Make a Curriculum Vitae
  • Search online and apply
  • Make international contacts
  • Prepare for job interviews
  • Apply to small companies if needed

For more information please visit: turkishtravelblog.com

Unemployment rate:

The unemployment rate in Türkey has gone down to 10.9% in the Month of May 2022 from 11.2% in the last month, which was the lowest unemployment rate since the month of February 2022. The number of employed persons rose by more than 350 thousand from the previous month to 30.840 million where as the number of unemployed population decreased by 56 thousand to 3.786 million. Unemployment rate is the share of labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Also the participated labor force gone up till 53.6% from the revised 53.2 percent a month earlier and the youngster unemployment rate for the population aged between 15 years to 24 years was up 0.2% at 20.3%. These days the unemployment is a growing problem in Türkey because of the lack of opportunities which will provide plenty of jobs. Other causes are fast growing population and labor force, skill mismatching, lack of enough information in the market, structural adjustment programs, sluggish economic growth and the market setup. Employment rate in Türkey is 46.50% in the month of the March 2022, from 46.70% the month of February 2022.

For more information please visit: tradingeconomics.com

Economy:  

The economy if Türkey is an emerging economy by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). World Bank classifies this nation as an upper middle class income country in terms of the country’s per capita GDP. This country is the largest producer of agricultural products, textiles, transportation equipment’s, motor vehicles, consumer electronics and home appliances, etc. Nowadays, the declining value of the Turkish Lira especially during the year 2018-2022 Turkish currency and debt crisis had an impact on the decreased USD base nominal GDP numbers. According to the International Monetary Fund database of first quarter of the year 2022, this nation is forecasted to have the world’s 23rd largest nominal GDP and 11th largest GDP by PPP at the end of the year 2022. The freedom score of this nation’s economy is 56.8 percent which makes it the 107th freest economy in the 2022 year index. This country is major exporter of transport equipment, machinery, metal products, apparel, electronics, foodstuffs, textiles, plastic products and imports goods are fuels, machinery, chemicals, and semi finished goods, transport equipment.

For more information please visit: en.wikipedia.org  and www.heritage.org

Renting and buying of real estates for foreigners: 

Renting

Renting a property is possible in Türkiye for expats as well as locals. Many properties for rent are available in this country as you can see on many online portals. To get the accommodation that fulfills your taste and need requires effort and time. You can contact directly to the owner while you are in this country or can take your friend’s help. You can also find the property by contacting a real estate agent or by mouth publicity.

One or two months’ rent you need to give as a deposit to the land lord. Make a contract before you take the property on rent. Generally only for 12 month the lease is made for renting. Renting an apartment or a house for short term is cheaper than buying a property. The amount of rent may vary from city to city as it depends on the place and size of the property. Prices in the major cities are comparatively higher than the rural areas. 

Documents: 

  • Passport Photocopy
  • Identity Proof
  • Photos passport size
  • Contract with the names of landlord and tenant 

Buying

Buying a property in Türkiye, is now easy that once buying a house was very difficult for expats. In Mugla, the property ownership is high by foreign national. Expats do not need to a residence permit to buy a house, the thing they need is their Foreign Identity Number (Yabanci Kimlik Number). This you can get without any cost from the foreign departments of the Turkish National Police (TNP). The buyers are eligible for residency after purchasing the property and people who brought a property of more than $250,000 are also eligible for the Turkish Citizenship.

Buying a property of your own gives a sense of responsibility and happiness. While buying a property, prices may vary due to various aspects. For instance, the property is in the city centre or is in outskirts, its size, near the coastline or in the middle of the country, etc. It is suggested to take the services of a lawyer before purchasing any property. The signing process may take time as the lawyer will make all the necessary documents including the checks to guarantee that the property is registered on your name. It is suggested to hire a lawyer and a translator if you are not good in Turkish or English. 

Process

  • Passport
  • Recent photograph
  • Foreign Identity Number
  • Mortgage Papers 

For more information please visit: www.expatfocus.com

Climate:

The climate in Türkiye is Mediterranean Climate. It is hot and dry in summer and in winter days are mild and rainy. Near the Black Sea region, near the coastal areas, it is observed that the summers are cool and in winter the weather is warm. At the higher parts the climate is more snowy and cold than the other areas in Türkiye. This nation has four distinct seasons. Temperature varies, making Türkiye a perfect holiday destination. 

Spring: This season lasts for three months only as it starts from the month of March, ends in the month of May. At this time various multi colored flowers, trees can be seen. The weather is temperate and mild with little rain throughout the country. This is the best time to visit Türkiye. 

Summer: This season starts from the month of June with some light rains, ends in the month of August. Days are warmest, as a result people go to the seaside to swim and take sunbath. Activities like surfing, parasailing, biking and paragliding are done by the locals. 

Autumn: This season starts from the month of September and ends till the month of November. Fall in this country is pretty mild and enjoyable. Weather is moderate, days are shorter and you will also experience some rain during this season. 

Winter: This season starts from the month of December and ends in February. The weather is cool, rainy and snowy but sometimes you might also experience some sunny and mild days in this season. In the mountains it is as cold as you might also come to see a snowfall. 

For more information please visit: www.tourmakerturkey.com

Languages:

There are numerous languages spoken in Türkiye but the official language is Turkish. This language is spoken by more than 95% population of Türkiye. It is used in educational institutions and government offices. There are also some other languages spoken by people which are Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Aramic, Bulgarian, Georgian, Megleno Romanian, Arabic, Greek, Zazaki, etc. English is only spoken in the urban areas or by the people in the tourist destination. It is suggested to take a tour guide with you or a Turkish friend who will help you communicate in the rural areas or the areas where people don’t speak English. It is always helpful either learn the language or learning some basic words from that language, of the country you are visiting. In Turkish “Merhaba” or “Selam” means Hello, when people meet each other they generally greet with “Merhaba” or “Selam”, both has the same meaning. The only difference is, “Merhaba” is a formal way and “Selam” is the informal way of greeting. “Gunaydin” means Good Morning or “Ingilizce konusabiliyor musun?” means “Do you speak English?”. German is also spoken by many Turks, especially in the western and the southern regions of this country due to its historic relations and business interactions with Germany. 

Other languages: 

  • Other Turkic Languages
  • Balkan Languages
  • Laz
  • Circassian Languages
  • Other Caucasian Language
  • Western European Languages
  • Jewish Languages, etc. 

For more information please visit: en.wikipedia.org

Traffic:

Driving in Türkiye is possible for an expat and is an easy task compared to the African and the Latin American cities, as some people may think as the roads are little dangerous to handle. An Expat can drive for at least six months with their EU license in this nation. For new driving license you have to apply to any traffic registration office and the old one will be submitted in the same place. The rush hours are 7.00 am to 10.00 am as there are many students and workers on the road to reach the school/universities and offices. And in the evening the rush hours are 5.00 pm to 8.00 pm as people are in their way to return home. Major city like Istanbul is one of the largest metropolitan cities in the world with more approx population of 18 million people. Driving on the highways or on the rural areas is safe but if you drive in big cities like Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir or Antalya, then it can be tricky sometimes. Most of the roads are in good condition but a few roads are chaotic, have large potholes and bumpy surfaces. Here you can rent a car here with a driver. According to the traffic rules, traffic runs on the right hand side of the road. Seat belt for driver as well as passenger is mandatory while driving. The speed limit is below 50km/h in urban areas, 90km/h outside urban areas.  And on highways the speed limit is 120km/h. 

Documents needed as a foreigner

  • Driver’s age should be of 16 years or above
  • Vehicle’s registration papers
  • insurance copy
  • Driver’s license (International Driving Permit)

 For more information visit: www.rac.co.uk

Currency:

The Lira (₺) (TRY) (TL) is the official currency of Türkiye, issued by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey. One lira is subdivided in 100 kuruş. The paper currency is in six denominations, ₺5, ₺10, ₺20, ₺50, ₺100, ₺200. Coins are available in 25kr., 50kr., ₺1, 1kr., 5kr., 10kr. Coin of 1kr., 5kr., 10kr. are nowadays rarely used but are still legal and in circulation.

Northern Cyprus also uses lira (₺) currency as their official currency. The lira’s exchange rate has deteriorated since the year 2018 by reaching the level of ₺4.5/US$. This has recovered partially in the year 2021 with the rise of government’s interest rates.

Payment Transaction:

Turkish vendors and shopkeepers accept cash, cards or online payment. As well as checks and invoices are some of offline methods to transfer money used in this country. Cash is the original and the oldest payment method, used by more than 90% Turkish population. Domestic cards, international credit cards, debit cards, eWallets and bank transfers are also the payment methods used in Türkiye. Bank transfers and Digital wallets are least popular amongst Turks. Payment system has transformed over the time with the advanced technology. There are many ways to make and receive payments online, such as PayPal, Troy, BKM Express and American Express (AMEX), etc. PayPal is the simplest way to receive payment from anywhere in the world. It is available in more than 230 countries and supports approx 25 currencies.

List of online payment methods in Kenya: 

  • Cash
  • Checks
  • Bank Transfer
  • PayPal
  • BKM Express (eWallet)
  • Visa
  • Master Card
  • American Express
  • Troy

For more information visit: www.about-payments.com

Cost of living: 

According to a survey Türkiye is one of the cheapest country in the Asia Continent and cost of living here is cheaper than seventy five percent of countries in the world. Major cities like Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa are expensive than rural areas. Average living cost in Türkiye also depends upon your lifestyle or your current situation, like whether you are working or a student. Cost of living varies from city to city and also if you are staying alone or with your family.         

The average monthly expense for a single person is approximately 10,450 TL. And the approx monthly expense will rise if you want to move along with your family of four people will be 25,313 TL. Food is cheap compared to housing or dining. If you are staying in a city where you can go by bicycle or by walking to your university or office or live in a city with a good public transport system, then your cost of living will be much lower.

Monthly rent will cost more in the main city than the rent in rural areas. Expense will also be low if you need smaller accommodation, than the bigger one.

Here are some products mentioned below, so that you will get a clear idea of the cost of living: 

Product

Quantity

Amount in (₺) (Turkish Lira) (TL)

Whole Fat Milk

1 lit

10.00

Eggs

12 (a dozen)

23.00

Tomatoes

1 Kg (2 lb.)

11.00

Chicken

500 grams (1 lb)

27.00

Dining (Lunch)

Full meal

63.00

Fast food meal

Combo

46.00

Bread

2 loaf

4.28

Internet

8 mbps (1 month)

93.00

Cleaning help

Hourly

68.00

Public transport ticket

Monthly

316.00

Doctor

Short visit

253.00

Movie Tickets

For 2

70.00

Utilities (heating, gas, electricity)

1 month, 2 people in (900 sqft) flat

1,318.00

Utilities (heating, gas, electricity)

1 month, 1 people in  (900 sqft) flat

793.00

For more info visit: www.expatistan.com

Apartment Rent:

The city of Istanbul has the expensive apartments followed by the capital city Ankara and Bursa in Türkiye. Fully furnished one bedroom apartment in the city centre will cost you approx 4,172TL and same apartment, outside city will cost approx 2,800TL. A furnished studio apartment of 2 to 3 bedrooms in the city centre will cost you approx 6,533TL and outside the city it will cost you approx 4,788TL. Finding accommodation here is challenging so asking your colleagues, friends, shopkeepers or waiters in the nearby café or restaurants will be helpful. As you wander on the streets and see some sign boards of ‘To let’ will also be useful. In many Turkish cities renting a one bedroom apartment, in the city centre will cost around as much as a two bedroom apartment outside the city center. The cheapest Turkish cities to stay are Konya, Iskenderun, Hatay, Mersin and Sanliurfa, etc. If your stay is for short term then there are many sites on the internet to help you get your accommodation. While talking to the landlord take along the real estate agent or a Turkish speaking friend with you so that the conversation will be clear and easy as not many Turks are fluent in English. You will get the ideas of the cost of monthly rent in the below mentioned site. Property showing websites also mentions prices below so that you can choose according to your need and comfort. 

For more info visit: www.expatistan.com

Taxes:

Taxes has an important part in every country’s economy. In Türkiye are regulated by Revenue Administration under the tax procedure law (TP). It handles the rights, burdens, carrying out duties along with principals of accrual. It also consist procedural and official provisions of all the tax laws. Tax procedure law has five main sections taxation, taxpayer duties, valuation, penalty, provisions and tax cases. Most taxes are levied by the central government and some are by municipalities of this country. Tax year in Türkiye starts from 1st January and ends on 31st December, but the tax return due date, when the tax return must be filed is from 1st March to 31st March. A Turkish tax has three main parts income taxes, Taxes on expenditure and taxes on property. Income tax also has two types’ individual income tax and corporate income tax. Some of the rules and provisions are the same for both the parts. The VAT rate bands are 1%, 8%, 18%. Citizens of Türkiye pay their taxes on their worldwide income but non residents pay tax only on their Turkish source earnings. Income tax is imposed only on taxable income after some deductions and allowances. There are no special tax rules for foreigners.

For more information please visit: en.wikipedia.org

Health Insurance:

Healthcare in Türkiye has both the private and public healthcare system. This nation also has universal healthcare since the year 2003. It is called Universal Health Insurance (Genel Sağlık Sigortası), funded by the amount deducted as tax from the employee’s salary. Currently it is at 5% rate. Public sector funding covers more than 75% of health expenditure. This country has one of the highest obese populations, as approx 29 percent adults are dealing with obesity. Due to the major health problem, universal health insurance coverage was introduced, as a result the general quality of health service improved as well as the patient’s satisfaction. The treatment coved are emergencies, work accidents and vocational illness, infectious diseases, preventive health services, childbirth, fertility treatment, cosmetic surgery deemed medically necessary and extraordinary events (injuries from natural disaster or from war). Private healthcare sector is also getting bigger here as many people opting for private health insurance as it offers short waiting lists and high quality service. Many insurance companies give health plans and coordinate with the hospitals and doctors time to time. 

For more information visit: en.wikipedia.org

Important addresses: 

Istanbul International Airport:     
Tayakadın, Terminal Cad No:1, 34283,
Arnavutköy/Istanbul, Turkey      
Ph: +90 4441442

Istanbul Ataturk Airport:      
Yeşilköy, 34149 Bakırköy/Istanbul,
Turkey   
Ph: +90 212 463 30 00

Ankara Esenboga Airport:    
Balıkhisar Mh., Özal Bulvarı, Akyurt/Ankara,
Turkey
Ph: +90 312 590 40 00

Antalya International Airport:   
Yeşilköy, Antalya Havaalanı Dış Hatlar Terminali 1,
07230 Muratpaşa/Antalya,
Turkey      
Ph: +90 242 444 74 23

Marmaray Sirkeci Istasyonu Train Station:      
Hocapaşa Mahallesi Ankara Cadddesi, Halil Lütfü 4,
іş Merkezi K: 1 No: 113,
Hoca Paşa, 34110 Fatih/Istanbul,
Turkey

Haydarpasa Train Station:    
Rasimpaşa, 34716 Kadıköy/Istanbul,
Turkey
Ph: +90 216 348 80 20

Florya Train Station:   
Basınköy, Florya Cd.,
34153 Bakırköy/Istanbul, Turkey

Embassy of Ireland:    
Büyükesat, Uğur Mumcu Cd. No. 88 D:No.88,
06700 Çankaya/Ankara, Turkey  
Ph: +90 312 459 10 00

British Consulate General Istanbul:        
Kamer Hatun, Meşrutiyet Cd. No:34, 34435 Beyoğlu/Istanbul,
Turkey    
Ph: +90 212 334 64 00

Polish Embassy:  Kavaklıdere, Çankaya Mahallesi,
Atatürk Blv No: 241, 06680, Çankaya,
Turkey       
Ph: +90 312 457 20 00

Australian Consulate: 
Harbiye, Asker Ocağı Cad. Süzer Plaza No:15,
34357 Şişli/Beşiktaş/Istanbul,
Turkey  
Ph: +90 212 393 33 00

Summary:

Türkiye, an intercontinental country located mainly in Asian continent and a small portion in the European continent. Ankara is the capital city in the middle of Türkiye and a centre for performing arts, State Opera and Ballet, Orchestras and national theater companies. Istanbul is the financial hub and the largest city, which is considered as half in Asia and half in Europe. This nation is famous for its colorful markets, history beautiful houses and monuments, food and beverages. This place is on many of people’s bucket list to take a trip here. Türkiye is a place where people come for job and tour, so this is a good place to get work as long as you have strong international professional connections. People are friendly, hospitable and respectful. Nightlife here is vibrant with lit lantern streets, music and discos. The city like Istanbul and Antalya has plenty of lounge bars. Many Places are safe and fun to visit, if you have a local friend or you know where they are and what areas to ignore. This country is safe to visit as crime rate is relatively low but it is suggested to stay alert all the time and safeguard your valuable things. Turkey is an Islamic country but allows everybody to follow their religion and this makes it a culturally diverse. This is an upper middle class country.

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