Immigration to Canada

Living and working in Canada

Immigration to Canada - Niagara falls, Canada
Niagara falls, Canada

Canada, the second-largest country globally, is situated in North America, bordered by the United States to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. With a population of approximately 39 million people, Canada is divided into 39 natural regions, each showcasing unique rock formations, flora, and fauna, creating a diverse landscape. The country’s remarkable biodiversity includes almost 200 mammal species and around 550 bird species. While only eight percent of the land is suitable for agriculture, forests cover 46 percent, and ice fields three percent. Human settlements occupy just one percent of the entire area. Canada’s extensive and varied geography contributes to its status as a country rich in natural beauty and ecological diversity.

Canada, with its strong political stability, offers a secure and reliable environment for aspiring immigrants. Additionally, the country’s robust and diversified economy provides ample opportunities for economic growth and prosperity, including job opportunities for foreigners, contributing to its welcoming and diverse workforce. With one of the world’s highest immigration rates, several hundred thousand immigrants arrive annually. According to IRCC reports, Canada had 4,71,550 immigrants in 2023. Canada plans to invite nearly 1.5 million new immigrants from 2024 and 2026. The government of Canada has made liberal government policies to meet the labor shortages by bringing in more immigrants.

About a third of the population is of British or Irish descent, and 28 percent are descendants of French immigrants. English and French are the official languages, with the majority of French speakers residing in Quebec, where French Canadians make up 78 percent of the population. Descendants of immigrants from various European countries and increasing immigration from Asian countries, Nigeria, France, the US, and Brazil contribute to Canada’s multicultural fabric.  Canada is renowned for being friendly and safe, making it an ideal place to live with or without family. Described by expats as “open-minded, tolerant, and benevolent,” Canadians are known for their friendly attitude towards foreigners. Due to the courteous and amicable nature of the local people, Canada attracts approximately 20 million tourists annually. Notable attractions include the spectacular Niagara Falls, which offers a more scenic view from the Canadian side. Canada’s abundance of lakes, numbering around 3 million, covers 125,566 miles of coastline, the largest globally. Living and working in Canada is a desirable choice due to its diverse culture, friendly communities, and stunning natural landscapes.

The Following Factors Speak For An Immigration To Canada

  • Very good Entrepreneurship
  • Good for Adventure
  • Highly respected Citizenship
  • Good Cultural Influence
  • Open for Business
  • Good Economic Strength
  • Best Quality of Life
  • Very good for Education
  • Very good for Green Living
  • Very good to Raise Kids
  • Very good for Women
  • Fast Feeling at Home

Traveling Information

It is estimated that Canada will have over than 1.3 million immigrants from 2022 to 2024 and this is due to the easy Canadian pathways and programs for immigration. The immigration programs allow immigrants to immigrate with immediate family members and also extended family members through the sponsorship programs. For example, even if you do not get a job in Canada you still can apply for Canadian permanent residents under the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) and other programs under which you are invited into Canada if you fulfil the criteria. The Express Entry program allows you to apply for enter Canada if you have experience adequate work and educational experience and also excel in language skills. Canada no doubt will be a good choice for immigration and we invite you to explore the various immigration options you have.

The Canadian government requires that immigrants must be vaccinated for some common plagues or contagious diseases. We suggest you get the detailed information before you plan your travels to Canada. If you to immigrate to Canada, traveling for work or study, the Canadian Government requires that an ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) and Visa must to be procured to fly to, or transit through a Canadian airport. You can apply for the eTA online which costs $7 CAD.  There is eTA exemption for some specific category.  The exemption details and the vaccination required for specific disease are listed on the official website of Government of Canada. Please refer to canada.ca

By Flight:

Flights from all major destinations in the world reach Canada.  The fastest are flights from different cities in USA that flies direct to Montreal, Vancouver in Canada. There is at least 1 airliner that runs from Greenland to Vancouver, Canada.

Direct flights operate from Sitka, Juneau and Anchorage in Alaska to Canada. It will take 6-10 hours from these locations. There are direct flights from France to Canada. Book safe and reliable flights from your destination to Canada on uemigrate.com

By Train:

You can travel to Canada from the US by train. The popular trip is the Amtrak Maple Leaf from New York City to Toronto which runs via the Empire Corridor passing through the picturesque Hudson river valley & the Finger Lakes region.  From the west coast you can take a train from Seattle to Vancouver runs alongside Pacific Ocean.

By Road:

You can drive from New York city to Toronto, Canada, which will take 8h 38 min. There are day and night bus services from Chambers Street, New York to Toronto. This is the cheapest route.  Greenland is only 20 miles away from Canada, still you cannot travel by road between the two countries.

You can travel by road from Anchorage, Alaska to Toronto, Canada in 78h 18 min (3.25 days). The road distance is 6643.4 km. 

How to Immigrate to Canada – Immigration Regulations

Flag of Canada
Flag of Canada

Moving to Canada is not too hard because the Government is open to welcome new immigrants and has multiple immigration programs to offer which makes it easy for you to enter Canada. Like any other country, here also you have to fulfill some requirements for the program you want to apply for. The list is given below:

  • Get a visa first.
  • Find a suitable immigration program.
  • Next apply for the permit. Submit your application in person or apply it online.
  • Prepare everything you need for Canada.
  • Move to Canada.

For more information please visit: visaguide.world or canada.ca

People

Canada is multicultural and multilingual society, home to people of different ethnic, religious and natural origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendents. Initially French people came to live here and then the British, after that a wave of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous group of people took place over the time for about two centuries and it continues till today. Canadians are the legal residents of this country, connected by historically or culturally. Canadians are consisting of Aboriginal peoples, French and English culture. People here are nice, positive and polite. They share important values such as pride. They have a belief in equality and diversity. And they have respect for all individuals, that’s why Canada is known as peace-loving, friendly and a secure place.

For more information on people of Canada, please visit: canada.ca

Work permit

There are some requirements you must fulfill depending on where you are from when you apply for your work permit.

Prove that you will leave Canada when your work permit ends.

  • Deposit and show enough money, that you can take care of you and your family during your stay in Canada.
  • There should be no criminal record and you should always obey the law.
  • Do not be a danger to Canada’s security.
  • Stay in a good health and do regular health checkups.
  • Do not work for an employer whose status has ‘ineligible’ on the employers list.

How to apply

Application can be filled and submitted manually or through online.

  • Apply for a visitor visa, study permit or work permit.
  • Submit fingerprints and photos, called biometrics after applying.
  • Submit required documents and carry along while travelling.
  • Get identity checked after arriving in Canada.

For more information please visit: canada.ca

Job offers in Canada

To get a job in Canada is not easy, but it is possible. A job offer from a Canadian employer will increase your possibility to receive a work permit and permanent residence permit. Jobs highly in demand are Software developer, Manager, Nurse, Engineers, IT professionals, Drivers, etc.

How to get a job offer:

Prepare your CV according to the resume format in Canada.

  • Do some research and find a good company for applying.
  • Use social media for advantage in job hunting.
  • References can also be a good thing which can help you to get a good job.
  • At last take follow ups.

For more information on jobs in Canada, please visit: canadim.com

Unemployment rate in Canada

Canadian unemployment rate has come up to 6.5% in January 2022, from 6% in December 2021. It is the first rise in jobless rate since the month of April 2021, while the variant Omicron was spread. Because of this scenario, the number of unemployed people has increased; simultaneously the number of employed people has decreased. In this country, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. 

For more information please visit: tradingeconomics.com

Economy of Canada

Canada is the world’s second largest country by land area and has 10th largest economy. According to a report this economy has grew by 4.8% in the year 2021. This economy is highly developed mixed economy. Freedom score of this economy is 76.6, which makes it the 15th freest economy in the year 2022 Index. Canada’s market oriented economy is made up of automotive sectors, other manufactures, forest products, minerals, petroleum, etc. It has the world’s third largest oil reserve, and fourth largest crude oil and natural gas exporter, which makes its economy stand stronger among the other countries in American region. This country ranked first among the 32 countries in the American region as well.

For more information on Economy in Canada, please visit: heritage.org

Renting and buying of real estates for foreigners

Owning a home is every person’s dream but also an important financial decision at the same time. Owning a home in a country like Canada can be an ultimate dream for you but now a day, it is becoming less feasible for Canadians as well as foreigners, so people are opting to rent. Ultimately, it depends on your lifestyle and financial situation.

Advantages of Buying:

It is a onetime investment.
It will be your own and can save money.
It is a source of pride and privacy.

Renting Advantages:

It gives freedom and flexibility.
It is hands off and hassle free.
It lets you diversify your investments.

For more information please visit: creditcanada.com

Climate

Upper half of Canada has only two seasons summer and winters. Summers are short and warm with cool nights. Winters are long and cold with heavy snowfall for the whole year, everything covered in snow. Mainly Canada has cold climate, with short and warm summers, and long with cold winters. Northern and central Canada has subarctic climate. In extreme south has humid continental climate, and some of it has a cold semi arid desert. The best time to visit this country is in late summer and in early Autumn.

Season of Spring in this country, starts from March and ends in May.
Summer, here starts from the month of May, ends in August.
Autumn starts from August, ends till September.
Winter starts on December and ends in February.

For more information please visit: weather-atlas.com

Languages

English and French are the official and widely spoken language of Canada. Other than this, three more languages are mostly spoken in Canada are Cantonese (Chinese), Mandarin (Chinese) and Punjabi. Office work is done in both the languages English and French, so understanding and speaking the at least one of these language is must in this country, for education and work also. People here speak and understand both the language easily. English is the mother tongue of 56.0% & French is the mother tongue of the 21.4% of Canadians. Sign Language is also spoken at home near about by 25,000 people.

Canada is home to many indigenous languages. They have their own indigenous language, which is spoken by less than one percent of the population as their mother tongue.

For more information please visit: en.wikipedia.org

Traffic

There are different types of transportation in Canada so that you can reach anywhere you want within and outside the country.

By Air: Due to this land’s large size, people travel here between major cities by flights which means all the major cities have airports with regularly scheduled flights.

By Rail: Rail network runs here throughout the country which is also safe and comfortable.

By Bus: There are so many benefits if you choose to travel by bus like, tickets are very cheap and if you are willing to go to the smaller towns, it is the convenient way to reach there.

By Ferry: To reach the coastal areas like British Columbia and the Atlantic region, ferry can be taken as it is the common way to travel to these places.

By Car: This country has a huge network of highways, so that each and every place can be explored by car. Car is the most means of travel used by Canadians as result traffic congestion in major cities is on the rise in Canada. According to a new report Toronto and Vancouver is dealing with the greatest delays of all.

Traffic rules in Canada:

1. Vehicles should be driven by the right side only.
2. The seat belts are mandatory the drivers as well as passengers.
3. Speed limits should not be less than 30km/h and should not exceed than 100km/h depending on your location, whether you are in town or are on the highways.
4. Give way to pedestrian first on pedestrian crossing.
5. Let others pass from the left side of the road.

For more information visit: canada.ca or tripsavvy.com

Currency

The Canadian Currency is Canadian Dollar which is abbreviated as the dollar sign $ or as CA$, Can$, C$ to show the difference between other dollar currencies. It is divided into 100 cents. It has the image of a common loon (bird) on its back, the dollar coin and sometimes the unit of currency itself, are mostly referred as the ‘loonie’ by English speaking Canadians and also by foreign exchange traders and analysts. This currency note comes in denominations like CAD $5, CAD $10, CAD $20, CAD $50, CAD $100 and coins in 1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢, 50¢ and $1, $2.

Payment Transaction

Canadians do payments by cash, cheque, debit/credit card, Electronic Fund Transfers (EFT) or through online transaction depends on the situation and is a personal choice. Some top five online payment methods are MasterCard, Interac, Visa, American Express and PayPal. Interac is an alternative payment method which Canadian use to pay online through their trusted home banking application.

“My Payment” is another important and useful electronic service that helps you make payments directly to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) using your bank access card. You cannot use credit cards with “My Payment”. This service is available 21 hours a day and seven days a week.

For more information visit: canada.ca

Cost of living in Canada

Cost of living varies from province to province and city to city. Even the cost of living of two cities in the same province may differ. According to a report, for 2021, Canada is one of the most expensive countries to live in the world. Toronto and Vancouver are the two top most expensive cities of Canada, likewise their provinces, Ontario and British Columbia, respectively. So apparently, if you are willing to stay in one of these cities, the expenses will be more than the rest of the country. The average cost of living expense including groceries, dining out, etc., is $1,150 per month and rent will cost $2,250 per month. Total you need approximately $3,400 for one person. It also depends upon the lifestyle and the area you choose to live. The prices of food, accommodation, bills, clothes and entertainment will cost you less than the rent. The monthly rent is the huge expense in Canada.

For example (Approx):

 VancouverTorontoMontrealOttawa
Monthly Travel Pass$105$156$88.5$122.3
Gasoline (L)$1.59$1.33$1.39$1.26
New Car (1.4 90 KW)$27,000$25,500$25,000$27,200
Cow milk (L)$2.15$3$2.71$2.5
Loaf of bread$3.50$2.90$3.8$2.95
Eggs (dozen)$4.50$3.53$3.50$3.45

For more info visit: canadafornewbies.com

Apartment Rent

Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal and Victoria are the main and big cities; hence the apartment rent is more expensive than other cities like Saskatoon and St. John’s. In Toronto, one bedroom apartment which is located outside the city centre will cost you $1,685. Room in a shared apartment will cost you around $500 – $600. Compared to this, if you want to rent an apartment in St. John’s, in the province Newfoundland and Labrador will cost you $714 approximately. If you want to rent a property in the middle of the city, then the price will go up and apartments for a family of four people then it will be quite expensive. Prices of accommodation may vary according to individual’s personal choices and depends to their lifestyle. Rent for downtown areas are higher, so sharing the apartment with someone will be affordable for a single person.

For more info please visit: canadafornewbies.com

Taxes

Every resident in Canada should pay their income tax on worldwide income. Double taxation is not applicable and this relief is given through the Canadian International tax treaties, via foreign tax credits, as well as deductions for foreign taxes paid on income derived from non-Canadian sources. Non-resident persons also come under the Canadian income tax on income from employment in Canada or the income from running a business here in this country and capital gains from the disposition of taxable Canadian property. Residents here, who are staying only for a part of a year is taxable on worldwide income only for the period of there, were staying in here.

Personal tax credit, the dividend tax credit and miscellaneous tax credits are subtracted from tax to determine the federal tax liability. The Federal tax brackets and personal tax credit amounts are increased for 2022 by a factor of 1.024 (a 2.4% increase).

For more information please visit: taxsummaries.pwc.com & taxtips.ca

Education in Canada

In Canada, the education system is organized into elementary, secondary, and post-secondary levels. Education is generally publicly funded, with each province and territory overseeing its own curriculum and policies. While primary and secondary education is typically free, post-secondary education, including colleges and universities, often comes with tuition fees. Formal education begins around the age of five or six with kindergarten. The primary language of instruction is English or French, depending on the region and the individual’s choice. Homeschooling is legal in Canada, with regulations varying by province, allowing parents to educate their children outside traditional schools. Canada hosts international schools and universities catering to foreign students, immigrants, and expats. Some notable institutions include the University of Toronto, McGill University, and the University of British Columbia. Degrees from Canadian universities are widely accepted globally, contributing to the country’s reputation for offering high-quality education.

In 2024, Canada plans to allow about 360,000 new international university students because of a temporary limit on study permits. This is a 35% decrease from the previous year, aimed at controlling the rapid growth of international students and easing issues like housing shortages and pressure on healthcare services. Click on the Video to hear the latest Canadian Immigration update for international students.

Health Insurance

Healthcare is free of cost in Canada is not true, as many people may think. Canadians pay for their health insurance through taxes which means, it is funded by the State Government. Number of services whether it is from a hospital or a General Practitioner’s Office is covered by the government insurance, received by patients. The average Canadian family spends approximately C$2,000 on healthcare and C$4,000 on private insurance premiums. Most of the Canadians have some form of private health insurance provided by their employers.

Canada provides good healthcare services to the locals and expats.  Public healthcare sites only offer essential services to the people covered by the local health insurance plan. Unlike this, private health insurance plans are more expensive but provide acceptable and suitable services to the clients.

For more information on Health Insurance in Canada, visit: internationalinsurance.com

Important addresses

SEP Immigration: 
5000 Yonge St Suite #1901,
Toronto, ON M2N 7E9,
Canada
Ph: +1 647 864 4224                     

Consulate General of India:  
365 Bloor St E #700,
Toronto, ON M4W 3L4,
Canada
Ph: +1 416 960 0751

Consulate General of Chile:
2 Bloor St W #1801,
ON M4W 3E2,
Canada                      
Ph: +1 416 924 0106

Thunder Bay International Airport:
100 Princess St,
Thunder Bay, ON P7E 6S2,
Canada
Ph: +1 807 473 2600

Toronto Pearson International Airport
6301 Silver Dart Dr,
Mississauga, ON L5P 1B2
Canada
Ph:+1 416 247 7678                            

Ottawa International Airport:
1000 Airport Parkway Private,
Ottawa, ON K1V 9B4,
Canada
Ph: +1 613 248 2125    

St George (Subway Station):
139 St George St, Toronto,  
ON M5R 2L8,
Canada

Shepperd-Yonge (Subway Station):       
Toronto, ON M2N 5M9,
Canada         

Summary

Canada, the world’s second-largest country by land area, enchants with its awe-inspiring scenery, particularly during the Golden hour, featuring pristine fishing villages, coastal sea cliffs, and rolling green hills that create a picturesque landscape. Renowned for its high-tech infrastructure and boasting the best healthcare system, Canada is considered an ideal place to live. Despite its high expenses, the country offers residents a quality life tailored to their chosen lifestyle. Canada stands out as a happy and beautiful nation, attracting a diverse community of immigrants who often find good income opportunities. With a friendly and peace-loving populace, abundant job opportunities, and a robust education system, Canada remains an attractive destination for those considering immigration. The overall experience of living and working in Canada, coupled with its scenic beauty and quality of life, makes it a compelling choice for individuals seeking a new home.

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