Immigration to Croatia

Living and Working in Croatia

Korcula Croatia City - Image by Joëlle Moreau from Pixabay
Korcula Croatia City

Croatia, a crescent shaped country situated at the northwestern side of Balkan Peninsula and at the crossroads of central and southeast Europe with entire coastal area lying on the Adriatic Sea. Croatia is a Schengen country popular amongst foreigners for many things such as the Balkan Wars, World Cup Football, Ancient Roman Ruins, Honey, Pag Cheese, Lavender fields, Game of Thrones, etc. Croatian delicacies are popular for its unique taste; some of them are Black Risotto, Boskarin, Brodetto, Buzara, Fritule, Istrian Ham, etc. Croatia is a place where you must enjoy the coffee culture, it’s simply a way of life for the Croatians. Croatia is a geographically diverse country featuring low mountains and highlands near the coastline. 

Croatia is surrounded by Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the Southeast, also sharing a maritime border with Italy to the west and southwest. The capital city is Zagreb, which is also the largest city with rich historical background. You will find the oldest settlement of the Romans in Zagreb. There are many tourist places in Croatia to visit like Rovinj, Rijeka, Sibenik, Varazdin, Zadar, Split etc. The most prominent tourist destination is Dubrovnik, which is historically known as Ragusa. Croatia is the developed country with high income economy. 

The population of Croatia as of January’24 is over 3.9 million, with 91% of the population are Croats. As per the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, a total of 57,972 persons immigrated to Croatia in the year 2022. Out of this 82.2% were immigrants from countries other than Croatia. Immigrants from Ukraine were 19.3% and 14.6% of the total were from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Statistics shows that the Immigration population in Croatia consists of Chinese, Nepalese, Kazakhs, Indians, Filipinos, Brazilians, Kenyans and citizens of Kyrgyzstan. As of December’2023, there are over 11000 Indians living in Croatia.  Around 20.6 million tourists visited Croatia in 2023 making it one of the most visited destinations in the Mediterranean. Croatia has many visitors from Germany. It is estimated that more than 3 million Germans visited Croatia out of the 15.3 million visitors and tourists in 2022. 

Traveling information 

Flag of Croatia
Flag of Croatia

All the restrictions regarding the covid-19 pandemic have been lifted by the Croatian Government and travelers can enter Croatia without showing the proof of vaccination or negative PCR test result. Precautions must be taken while visiting the hospitals, pharmacies and labs like applying masks and sanitizing hands in Croatia.

Make sure that your passport meets the Schengen Area passport requirements. Mainly that the passport is issued less than 10 years before the date you enter a Schengen country.  (Passport issued date).  Secondly it must be valid for at least 3 months after the date of arriving in a Schengen country. (Passport expiry date). For more detailed information on Visas requirements, please visit the Republic of Croatia, official website: mvep.gov.hr

How to reach Croatia – By Flight

Traveling to Croatia by flight is the most comfortable, cheaper and easiest way. The seven main international airports in Croatia are: Zagreb Airport, Dubrovnik Airport, Split Airport, Pula Airport, Zadar Airport, Rijeka Airport and Bol Airport. There are cheap and fast flights from other European countries to Zegreb and Dubrovnik. Direct flights are available and operated by the Croatia Airlines from London to reach the major cities like Zagreb, and British airways, which run year round direct flights from London Gatwick to Dubrovnik and Zagreb, twice weekly seasonal flights are from London to Split.  Easy Jet, Wizzair, Jet2 and Ryanair, Aer Lingus operate seasonal service to Pula, Dubrovnik, Zadar, Osijek, from many foreign countries like Italy, Ireland, etc. There are no direct flights from North America to Croatia, however most major airlines offer one or two stop flights via the major European cities. 

By Ferry: Many companies operate ferries from Italy and Greece to Croatia. All year round ferries provide services from Ancona in Italy to Zadar and Split. Ferries also run from Bari to Dubrovnik. These ferry rides are slow compared to the flights but also provide you the most scenic views. There are some additional fast ferries to Losinj, Rab, Hvar and Zadar. 

By Bus: The Flexibus runs from Venezia and Trieste in Northern Italy to Istria and Rijeka in western Croatia, these provide services all around the year and are convenient and comfortable. 

By Ferries: Ferries are a way of life especially at the coastal parts and around the island. While visiting Dalmatia, Zadar, Split or Dubrovnik, travel by ferry at least for a part of your journey. This is a popular means of transport, especially from one island to another. This is much cheaper option than flights. 

Travel within Croatia by Bus : Buses are the best option to travel within Croatia as they are very clean and comfortable. They are always available and prices are moderate.   

Rentals Car: Renting a car for sightseeing Croatia, is a better option, as you may see sights that many tourists otherwise miss. Croatia has beautiful coastline, waterfalls, lakes and breath-taking landscape. At the comfort of your car and feeling more independent one can enjoy Croatia to its full.

Documents Required for car rentals

  • Passport with six-month validity
  • No visa required for less than 90 days stay (also depends on your nationality)
  • No vaccination certificate required.

Croatia has several means of transport, so that you can travel with public buses, taxis, uber, ferry and flights. Always carry a copy of your passport and visa. For more travel advice please visit: croatiaspots.com & roughguides.com

How to immigrate to Croatia 

Tourist Visa: 

To obtain a tourist Visa for Croatia, the cost and the term of the visa may vary depending on your nationality. The citizens from countries like Brazil, USA, and Mauritius are permitted to get the visa free stay up for 90 days. This also means they can enter Croatia for up to 90 days during the 180-day period without getting a visa in advance.The nationals from an EU/EEA member state are allowed to enter without visa and do not have restrictions on the number of days they want to stay in Croatia. National of other countries, who do not have a visa waiver agreement with Croatia can enquire about visa with their local consulate and will need to apply for a visa as per to purpose of visit i.e. work, study or to live a peaceful life after retirement. 

Croatia is a part of the Schengen Agreement. Citizens from China, Argentina and Cameroon must apply for the visa in advance for their stay up to 90 days in a 180-day period. The citizens of Indonesia must apply for visa first and can only stay for up to 30 days only within the 180-days period. 

The following documents are required for Schengen Visa:

  • Application form (filled and duly signed)
  • Passport size two photographs
  • Valid passport
  • Travel insurance
  • Flight tickets, etc.

Temporary Residence Permit:

Spouse and children of EU/EEA/Swiss nationals are entitled to temporary residence, as long as they are all living together at the same address in Croatia. 

EU Blue Card:

You can apply for EU Blue Card (work permit) if you have received higher education or qualification such as ISCED 1997 levels 5a or higher or an associate’s degree or higher.  Employers within the EU/EEA can hire you on approval of the Blue Card. 

Residence Permits:

Residence permit can be obtained for stay more than 90 days in Croatia depending on your nationality and can be up to 5 years. There are two types of Residence Permits – Temporary Residency Permit and Permanent Residency Permit. First you need to apply for temporary residence permit and after 5 years of consecutive years of temporary residence you can apply for the permanent residency.The temporary residence is applicable in the following situations: 

  • EU/EEA national and their spouses
  • Family reunification
  • Digital nomads
  • Highly qualified knowledge migrant
  • Students
  • Language study
  • Scientific research
  • Humanitarian grounds
  • Volunteering grounds
  • Work through starting a business
  • EU/EEA Blue Card
  • Property ownership 

Non EU/EEA/Swiss nationals must first find a job in Croatian company and then apply for work and residence permit. The work permit is given by the employer. 

For More information please refer :expatincroatia.com and expatincroatia.com 

People 

The Residents of Croatia are called “the Croats” who belong to a South Slavic group native to Croatia and neighboring countries in the Southern part of Europe. They share a common Croatian ancestry, culture, history and language. They are situated in different parts of the world such as Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Italy, Mongolia, Serbia, Slovenia, USA, etc.  Around 79% Croats are Catholics, some 3.32% are orthodox Christians and around 0.26% are Protestants. Croatia is predominantly a Christian country, with Islam being a minority. There are some 1.3% of the population practicing Islam in Croatia. As of 2022, there are 4736 Jehovah’s Witnesses in Croatia, who are known for sharing the Bible’s message of hope.

Job offers in Croatia 

Croatia is a better place to work and live, for which work visa and permits are necessary. Residence and work permits are combined nowadays which is issued based on a favorable opinion of the Croatian Employment Service. Prior to this, you must submit the application for issuance of a residence and work permit. Foreigners and expats can work in Croatia as Waiters, Cleaners and helpers in offices, hotels and other establishments. Foreigners and expats can  work as Cooks, Travel Consultants, Clerks, Print Finishers, Binding workers, Travel guides, Fitness and Recreation Instructors and Program Leaders, etc. These jobs are in demand and give a moderate payout. 

There are several websites on the internet which helps you find a job and apply online. Given below are some of the popular job portals: 

You can find jobs through the word of mouth, through facebook groups, through recruitment agency, by reaching companies directly, by searching on Croatian job sites like Adorio, Bika, Danas Radim, Freelance.hr, Posao, etc. 

For more information please visit: europeanjobdays.eu  and expatincroatia.com

Unemployment rate 

The jobless rate in Croatia has gone down to 6.1% in the Month of April 2023 from 6.5% in the previous month, which is the second lowest unemployment rate since the month of September 2022. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 5.9% from the month earlier to 105,350 people and on the other hand the number of employed persons gone up by 0.7% to 1.61 million. Moreover, the number of people outside the labor force increased by 0.2% to 1.7 million. In the month of April 2022, the unemployment rate was higher at 7%. Unemployment rate is the share of labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. These days the unemployment rate is decreasing and is projected to go down furthermore in the future. 

For more information please visit: tradingeconomics.com

Economy of Croatia 

According to the source the GDP of Croatia is projected to grow by 1.7% in the year 2023 and 2.4% in 2024. The economy of Croatia is high income, service based social market economy. Today Croatia has a fully integrated and globalized economy. Croatia comes under Eurozone and is now classified as a developed country or an advanced economy, as per the IMF who provides this title to highly develop industrial nations. Tourism is one of the biggest pillars of the Croatian economy, generating 19.6% of Croatia’s GDP. Croatia working towards becoming an energy powerhouse with its floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) and investing in green energy, precisely wind energy, solar and geothermal energy.   

Main industries are Chemical and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and its refining, food & beverages, and tourism. Export partners are Italy, Germany, Slovenia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Export items are transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels. Good imported are machinery, Transport and electrical equipment, Chemicals, fuels & lubricants, and foodstuffs. Import partners are Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, and Austria.

For more information on economy of Croatia, please visit: en.wikipedia.org and economy-finance.ec.europa.eu

Renting and buying of real estates for foreigners 

Renting

Renting a property is possible in Croatia for expats. Renting is a thriving rental business to support the tourism industry. The landlords believe that they can earn more money from short term tourists rather than long term visitors. The rental prices in major cities such as Zagreb, Velika Gorica, Split and other places situated along the Adriatic coast are increasing day by day. On the other hand, rental rates in Gorski Kotar, Lika, Banija, Kordun and eastern side of the country are cheaper. These points must be taken into consideration when you decide where to live and whether you would like to own or rent a property. Hiring a real estate agent fluent in Croatian language will be beneficial, who will be able to help you understand the contract terms in details. 

To find a property on Rent, it is suggested to look for the sign “For Rent” on houses and also search online advertisement/local newspapers. The biggest and most popular website to find apartment in Croatia is Njuškalo.hr. This website has vast information about apartment and home rentals like condos, single rooms, houses, garages, office space and land. Property images, descriptions, specs and prices are also posted on this website. Before you move in a house, make sure you make a contract as per the terms decided between the owner and you. The amount of rent may vary from city to city as it depends on the place and size of the property. 

Websites for renting a property: 

  • Burza
  • Crozilla.com
  • GoHome
  • Index oglasi
  • Podstanar.hr

Buying:

Foreigner and expats are allowed to buy a property in Croatia. Buying a property in Croatia is easy for an EU resident, however, the regulations are different for a non-EU resident. A agricultural land or forest in Croatia cannot be purchased by a international residents, whether they are from EU member state or a non-EU member state. To buy a property in Croatia there must be a reciprocity agreement between the origin country of the buyer and Croatia. The buying process varies depending on the citizenship of the foreigner. All eligible buyers must register the property whether it is for residential, investment or rental purpose. There is also a 3% property purchase tax levied by the Croatian Government on the total sale price written on the contract. Therefore, all the owners should be registered as taxpayers and apply for a tax number. 

Property close to the coastal areas like Split, Zadar and Dubrovnik are pricey compared to the central and eastern part in Croatia. For the non-EU nationals the process of purchasing a property is more complex and takes a lot of additional documentation. There are websites like plitvicepropertycroatia.com to help you get your dream home in Croatia. These online platforms will assist you with the process as these are created by the expats who are familiar with buying property in Croatia. 

Documents needed to buy a property in Croatia

  • Passport
  • Croatian visa for Non-EU citizens
  • Tax Registry Number (AFM)
  • A copy of annual tax return, etc.

For more information on renting/purchasing property in Croatia, please visit: expatincroatia.com , lawyerscroatia.com and  plitvicepropertycroatia.com

Climate 

The climate in Croatia is Mediterranean Climate. It is hot and dry in summer and in winter mild and rainy. Croatia has three distinctive seasons:

  • low season which is from November through April
  • shoulder season from May to mid-June & mid-September to October
  • high season from mid-June to September

Low Season (November to April)

Visiting Croatia from November to March is not the ideal time as there is quiet everywhere; moreover, the hotels, restaurants and activities are closed due to winters. Beaches are completely empty and unattended, while in summers the coastal towns and beaches are crowded and it feels lively. In winters you can go for skiing on Sljeme Mount near Zagreb or Platak near Rijeka. City of Zagreb gets cold, foggy and humid and there are chances to see some snow during winter. Istria gets lot of rainfall throughout the year. Low season is the best time to visit Dalmatia. 

Shoulder Season (May to Mid-June, Mid-September to October)

This is the best time to visit Croatia as the days are longer, outdoor activities are on its peak, hotels and restaurants are busy in welcoming guests. In Croatia this is the time where you experience late Spring and early Fall. There is also a food festival celebrated in Croatia in the month of October. The weather is generally good although it is unpredictable sometimes especially during May to October. This time is also perfect for sightseeing as it is not too hot or too rainy. The nights are mostly chill.

High Season (Mid-June to Mid-September)

During this season, the peak travel time is from the last week of July till mid-August, hence there are majority of tourists visiting Croatia. It is the best time to go to the beaches as the weather is hot and sunny. The temperature goes from 20°C to 30°C. High season is an ideal time for clubbing, partying and music festivals. July and August are considered as the hottest months, hence it is suggested to take precautions especially during daytime. The best time to visit Croatia in the months from mid-June to mid-September.  

For more information please visit: frankaboutcroatia.com

Languages 

The official language is Croatian, which also serves as literary standard of Croatia. Croatian is counted as one of the official language of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Vojvodina (a province in Serbia), the European Union. It is also a recognized minority language in Serbia and other neighboring countries. Croats are multilingual, fluent in English, French and German. English is the language spoken by more than 60% population of Croatia. It is also used in educational institutions and government offices. There are many other non-official, minority languages and some Croatian dialects that are used by the locals. Minority languages spoken by Croats are Italian, German, Serbian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Rusyn, Ukrainian, Romani and Slovene. Other official languages spoken in Croatia are Bosniak, Albanian, and Slovenian. The Croatian Sign language is used by the deaf and mute people in Croatia. For an English native speakers Croatian is a hard Language to lean, but you can still learn some basic words. Just click on the following link and learn the Croatian language in 17 minutes per day. 17-minute-languages.com

For more information on the Croatian language please visit: wikipedia.org

Traffic 

The roads in Croatia are generally in Good conditions. There are multi-lane motorways that run from north to south & east to west. A few roads have a single carriageway. Roads on some islands are narrow and do not have protective fence. However, the government is continuously working to improve the infrastructure of the roads. Traffic is heavy in places like Zagreb, Split and Rijeka, mostly during peak rush hour. During summer months’ people drive rashly in cities especially on weekends there are road congestions. Village roads are good in Croatia and get busy traffic only during tourist season. Driving on these countryside roads is beautiful and you may come across some wild animals like deer, rabbits, pheasants, hedgehogs and even foxes. Bicycles, tractors and vehicles used for farming are mostly seen on these roads.  

Standard traffic rules in Croatia are as follows: 

  • Drivers must carry Driving License (home country driver’s license in Latin), Traffic License & Green Card, Passport or ID (if you are a tourist)
  • If home country’s driver’s license is not in Latin than International Driver’s license is required to drive in Croatia
  • Traffic drives on the right side
  • Seat Belt is compulsory (even for backseats). Child seat is compulsory for children having height less than 135 cm. Children taller than 150 cm can occupy the front seat
  • No mobiles except hands-free
  • Maximum Blood Alcohol level is 0.05 mils for drivers above 24 yrs. of age
  • The Speed limits are: motorways = 130 km/h; rural / open roads = 90 km/h; Urban / inner-city roads = 50 km/h
  • Headlights must be on compulsory from 1st November to 31st
  • Must have snow chains in the car in the winter especially on winter road sections. If you visit Croatia in Winter, check for winter roads before you drive.

Emergency numbers while traveling on road

  •  +385 1987 – Road assistance emergency (HAK – Croatian Auto Club) 
  • +385 192  – Police
  • +385 194 – Emergency medical assistance
  • +385 112 – General emergency line

For updated current traffic, weather, live road situations please visit: hak.hr/info & roadsafetyfacility.org

Currency 

Euro is the official currency of Croatia. It replaced Kuna on 1st January 2023. The Euro is a European monetary unit used by more than twenty EU countries out of twenty-seven European Union countries.  The symbol used for Euro is (€) and the currency code is EUR. Euro is divided in 100 cents (c). 

The bills of €200, €500 and the coins of 1c, 2c are rarely used but still in circulation. Coins 1c, 2c are also rarely used in Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Italy and The Netherlands. The Euro is issued by the European Central Bank and is one of the most traded currencies in the world’s foreign exchange markets.

The Euro in Banknote is available in the following denominations:
€5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500

The Euro in Coins is available in the following denominations:
€1, €2, 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, and 50c

Payment Transaction 

Croat vendors and shopkeepers accept cash, cards or online payment. Among these methods, credit cards are one of the most common and popular ways for customers to purchase online. Multinational financial corporations like Visa, MasterCard, American Express (AMEX) and Discover process payments between merchants and card issuing banks. Millions of users around the world are able to purchase products online by using these branded credit cards. The most popular cards are Visa and MasterCard. 

Cheques and invoices are some of offline methods to transfer money used by Croats. Cash is the easiest way to make payment, small shopkeepers and vendors accept cash, so it is suggested to keep some cash with you in case of emergency. Prepaid cards, international credit cards, debit cards, e-Wallets and bank transfers are also the payment methods used in Croatia.

Mobiliamo is a mobile payment app that allows customers from all over the world to make secure and fast payments from their mobile devices. Mint prepaid card is another payment method which is a universal cash payment option that is secure, accessible and easy to use. This card allows its users to pay online for digital goods and services worldwide. Payment system has evolved over the time with the advanced technology. There are many ways to make and receive payments online, such as GooglePay and ApplePay, etc. 

List of payment methods in Croatia: 

  • Cash
  • Mobile payments
  • Cheques
  • Bank Transfer
  • E-Wallets
  • Credit and Debit Cards         

For more information visit: paymentwall.com

Cost of living in Croatia 

Croatia is the third cheapest country in Eastern Europe.  The cost of living in Croatia is cheaper than fifty percent countries in the world.  Major cities like Zagreb, Zadar, Split, Pula, Rijeka are expensive than rural areas. Average living cost in Croatia also depends upon your lifestyle and living standard you choose. The average monthly expense for a single person is approximately €1,400. The approximate monthly expense will rise if you move along with your family, which will be €3,100. Food items and beverages are cheaper compared to housing and dining. Staying in a city where university or office is reachable by bicycle or by walking will cut the cost of living. Monthly house rent will cost more in the main city than in rural areas. 

Here are some products mentioned below, so that you will get a clear idea of the cost of living: 

Product

Quantity

Amount in  Euro (€)

Whole Fat Milk

1 lit.

1.20

Eggs

12 (a dozen)

4.60

Tomatoes

1 Kg (2 lb.)

2.20

Chicken

500 grams (1 lb)

4.95

Dining (Lunch)

Full meal

11.00

Fast food meal

Combo

8.00

Bread

2 loafs

1.10

Internet

8 mbps (1 month)

25.00

Cleaning help

Hourly

11.00

Public transport ticket

Monthly

46.00

Doctor

Short visit

47.00

Movie Tickets

For 2 persons

13.00

Utilities (heating, gas, electricity)

1 month, 2 people in (900 sqft.) flat

140.00

Utilities (heating, gas, electricity)

1 month, 2 people in  (480 sqft.) flat

90.00

For more information on cost of living in Croatia visit: expatistan.com

Apartment Rent 

The average size for an apartment in Croatia is 900 square feet, however it varies depending of the type of the apartment. One bedroom apartments are generally under 1000 sqft, while two to three bedroom apartments are bigger in size. Studio apartments are the smallest and most affordable. 

In Zadar the rents are highest, followed by the capital city Zagreb and Split.  Fully furnished one-bedroom apartment in the city centre will cost approx. €580 and same apartment outside city will cost around €480. A furnished studio apartment of 2 to 3 bedrooms in the city centre will cost €960 and outside the city it will cost €750 approximately. The following websites sites will to help you find the best accommodation you are searching for: 

Colleagues, friends, shopkeepers or waiters in the nearby café or restaurants are a good help in locating a rented place. So let them know that you need a rented place. Hire a Croatian speaking real estate agent or friend to negotiate the rent and terms of the rental agreement.

Taxes 

Both residents and non-residents pay taxes in Croatia. There are more than 20 different types of taxes applied on various businesses and activities. The taxes are divided into six brackets namely: 

  • National – VAT, Corporate Income Tax (profit made by companies & entrepreneurs), Excise duty, Special taxes on motor vehicles and vehicle insurance premiums, special tax on coffee, soft drinks, Alcohol, Energy products & electricity etc.
  • City and Municipal
  • County
  • Joint
  • Gambling
  • Award Games

For more information please visit: wikipedia.org

Health Insurance 

Health insurance in Croatia has both the private and public healthcare system. Croatia private healthcare system is more efficient and seamless as compared to the public healthcare system. Health insurance is compulsory for every citizen of Croatia. It is imposed by the Croatian Health Insurance Fund (CHIF) and is regulated by the Compulsory health insurance act. Health insurance and healthcare for international residents and expats is governed by Compulsory Health Insurance and Health Care of Aliens in the Republic of Croatia Act. 

Health Insurance is must for the persons mentioned below

  • Permanent residency holders
  • Expats having permanent stay or long term residency
  • Citizens of other EU Member State, EEA, Switzerland and UK and Northern Ireland, residents of the country who have signers a treaty with Croatia on social insurance, citizens of state which is not a Member State or contracting state with approved temporary stay, and on the basis of employment, respectively performs economic or professional activity in Croatia, providing the conditions of special regulations governing the issue of residence and work of international citizen in Croatia have been met and unless otherwise stated by the European law or international treaties on social security.
  • Citizens of EU/EEA member state or resident of Switzerland with approved temporary stay in Croatia provided they do not exercise compulsory health insurance in another member state of the EU/EEA/Switzerland.
  • Residents of a state that is not EU member state /EEA country/Switzerland with a temporary stay in Croatia, unless otherwise stated by the European law, international treaties on social security or special laws. 

Rights under the Health Insurance includes

Primary health care

  • Specialist-consultative health care
  • Hospital health care
  • Medication needed by the basic list of the CHIF
  • Dental prosthetics prescribed by the basic orthopedic and other medical prostheses list of the CHIF
  • The right to cross border health care

Compulsory health insurance also provides for the rights on the basis of accidents suffered at workplace and occupational diseases.   

For more information visit: hzzo.hr and insubuy.com

Summary 

Croatia is attracting thousands of tourists each year to enjoy at the Mali Losinj Island, Pag Island; Novalja, Plitvice lakes, deep caves, waterfalls, etc. Croatia is visited by foreigners for its rich history, breathtaking views, lush green nature and delicious cuisines like Black risotto, Boskarin, Brodetto, Ham, Cheese etc.

Croatia is the developed country with high income economy. Croatia provides social security, universal healthcare and tuition free primary and secondary education with supporting culture through public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing. People from all over the world come to Croatia for education, job and site-seeing. This is a good place to get work as long as you have strong professional connections. Zagreb is the capital and the largest city, which is also considered as a masterpiece of Austro-Hungarian architecture. Upper town in Zagreb is the site of the Gothic and twin-spired Cathedral and nearby there is a pedestrian friendly Street, with several outdoor cafes. Lower town has plus shops, main-square, museums and parks.

In Croatia, everybody has to pay income tax, however healthcare is free for both the citizens and expats. Croatia has vibrant market places, beautiful houses, monuments, with lively, helpful, and hospitable people. Nightlife here is colorful with streets full of music, pubs and lounges. The city like Split and Zadar has plenty of bars and restaurants. Several places are safe and fun to visit, keep a local friend with you so that you know where to go and what areas to ignore. Croatia is safe to visit as crime rate is relatively low but it is suggested to stay alert all the time and safeguard your valuable things. Croatia gives freedom so that everybody can follow their own religious beliefs and this makes it a culturally diverse. It is also an upper middle class country.

Statue Of Liberty New York, USAThe United States of America (USA or U.S.A), commonly known as the United States (US or U.S.) or America, a country located in North America with 50 states covering a vast area in the pacific ocean. States like Alaska and Hawaii are also a part of America. Major cities on the Atlantic Coast cities include Washington D.C., the capital and New York, a global finance and culture center. World famous filmmaking hub ‘HOLLYWOOD’ is in Los Angeles. Chicago is known for influential architecture. The United States of America is a North American nation that is the world’s most dominant economic and military power. Likewise, its cultural imprint spans the globe, led in large part by its popular culture expressed through music, movies and television.

Thе USA has one of thе world’s largest and most divеrsе еconomiеs, offеring a widе rangе of job opportunitiеs across different industries. Most of the immigrants arе attractеd by thе prospеct of bеttеr еconomic prospеcts and highеr wagеs. Many immigrants comе to USA to pursuе highеr еducation. U.S.A is homе to the world’s top-ranking universities. Cеnsus еstimatеs show 45.4 million forеign born rеsidеnts in thе Unitеd Statеs as of Sеptеmbеr 2021. Mеxicans rеprеsеnts thе largеst group of immigrants in thе Unitеd Statеs. Immigrants from Latin Amеrica, India, China, and othеr Asian countriеs arе on thе risе.

The Following Factors Speak For An Immigration To The United States

  • Very good Entrepreneurship
  • Very good Cultural Influence
  • Good Heritage
  • Best Economic Strength
  • Good Quality of Life
  • Best for Education

Traveling information

If you are planning to travel to America, due to Corona Virus Pandemic there are some mandatory requirements you have to follow:

  • Take covid-19 test a day before you start the trip.
  • Showing negative test report is compulsory.
  • Passengers are allowed to travel to America 14 days after the 2nd dose of vaccination.
  • Show full vaccination status before boarding the plane to America.
  • Children aged between two years to seventeen years should take a pre departure test.
  • Testing, travel registration, quarantine or quarantine hotel requirements are must for the candidates.

For more travel advice please visit: usa.gov

How to immigrate to United States – Immigration Regulations

Flag of United State of America
Flag of United State of America

To move to United States permanently is possible after obtaining a green card also known as immigration visa or permanent residence permit. This card permits unrestricted employment and this can be renewed indefinitely.  Prior to starting your journey you will need to keep the process in mind. You need to meet certain requirements if you want to move permanently or temporarily to the U.S. like your application must be approved by the U.S. Government and paying Government’s fees is mandatory. The process can be complicated and expensive, so what lies ahead is important to keep in mind.

There are different types of visas available depending on the purpose of your travel to United States of America. Visas like EB-1A, EB-2, EB-3, EB-5, O-1, H-1B, F2A, F-2B, F-3, F-4. F-1 & J-1 are types of students visa.

Types of Visas:

  • Family based green cards
  • Employment based green cards
  • Humanitarian green cards
  • Diversity lottery green cards
  • Longtime resident green cards
  • Other green cards

For more information please visit: boundless.com

People

People, who are born on the United States soil, are called ‘Americans’. It also consists of many dual citizens, expatriates and permanent residents. It is a home to many ethnic groups; this is the reason why its culture and law do not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but bona fide citizenship and a statement of permanent allegiance. Here people like African Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans and Alaska Natives, etc live happily and peacefully with each other.

Americans are very friendly and they are happy to help when asked. They are known as the most hospitable people and can go out of the way to make foreigner feel more at home. They commonly greet each other by shaking hands. It is common in America to give hugs to a person who is very friendly with them. They respect each other’s privacy and take appointments before meeting. Americans also enjoy music a lot. Modern music is also enjoyed by them. Good and bad people are everywhere in the world but more of it, it also depends on one’s perspective.

Job offers in the United States

To enter in the US, first thing you have to do is looking for a job. Then start searching for a sponsor for your visa. This country has plenty of job opportunities for the candidates who have marked excellence and deserve. Opportunities in the US are always available in every field and the demands are also higher. .

Jobs in The USA are not just for graduates, but also for appearing students. Part time work is also available for the students who want to earn while studying. Jobs highly in demand are HR Manager, Electrical Engineer, Product Manager, Software developer, Manager, Nurse, Engineers, IT professionals, Drivers, Fitness Trainer, etc.

How to get a job offer:

  • Take your time and be aware of scams.
  • Verify eligibility then apply for a job.
  • Give interview Online.
  • File a petition if necessary.
  • Wait for the employer’s petition approval.
  • Apply for a temporary visa.
  • Interview with the U.S. embassy.

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate in the Unites States has gone down till 3.8% in February 2022. The rate is measured on a monthly basis in the United States. According to a report, the principle fact finding agency for the U.S. Federal Government in labor economics and statistics unemployment has went down from 2010 to 2020. The unemployment rate was higher in the year 2021 than this year’s rate which was 5.3%. In December 2021, the states with the highest unemployment rate were California, Nevada, New York and New Mexico. Unemployment rate was the lowest in Utah 1.9% and in Nebraska it was 1.7%. Workers related to private wage and are in agriculture industry suffered the highest unemployment rate at 8.5% as of January 2022.

For more information please visit: statista.com

Economy  

American economy grew at a rate of 5.7 % in the year 2021, which is the strongest growth after 30 years. The United States is a highly developed country with the market economy and it has the world’s largest nominal GDP and net wealth. In the year 2021 America has the world’s fifteenth highest per capita GDP (purchasing power parity (PPP)). The United States has the most technologically powerful and innovative economy in the world. The US Dollar is the most used currency in international transactions. This country is the world’s largest importer and the second largest exporter in the whole world. United States economy is fueled by abundant natural resources, a well developed infrastructure and high productivity. The nation is the world’s largest producer of petroleum and natural gas. 

For more information please visit: en.wikipedia.org

Renting and buying of real estates for foreigners

Renting:

Apartment for rent is easily available with some minimal restrictions in the whole country. Numerous accommodation options are available so that you can choose according to your lifestyle. Apartments can be searched online on different websites. These websites allow you to contact the landlord directly, give a virtual tour of the apartment and there you can submit an offer too. Also, the provision of e-signing the rental agreement is helpful and it saves your time and money. But be aware of scams and fraudulent ads. Internet gives an easy access to anybody, so be attentive and sure that you are not giving your money to the party who does not exist. Some points are given below which will help you to rent a good property: 

  • Explore options online.
  • Set your budget first.
  • Take a look at the neighborhood.
  • Consider the parking options.
  • Read the lease carefully.

Buying:

Buying a property in the United States is possible for Non US citizens, as there is no citizenship required for real estate sales. But it also can be a bit tricky process. The good thing is foreigners evenly qualify and can apply for mortgage if they fulfill certain requirements. To buy a property some documents should be needed:

  • Social security number or ITIN.
  • Valid foreign Passport.
  • A United States Visa.
  • Driver’s License.
  • Bank Statements.
  • Financial records from your overseas Bank.
  • Proof of reserves.
  • Pay stubs.
  • Credit Score.
  • Tax return, etc.

For more information please visit: onjuno.com or redfin.com

Climate

The average weather of United States is temperate with some exceptions. The difference is due to change in the latitude and a range of geographic features like plains, mountains and deserts. This country has plains which are grassy and dry which also contains the desert in the west region.

Their climate includes mild and warm winters while summers are wet and hot, with a large number of thunder storms. Northwest and southeast areas are wet while the central part of the country is dry.

Alaska is also a state of the United States, located in the northwestern part of the country. Here the cold is bone chilling in winters and can be pretty warm too and the temperature can go up to 21˚C depending on the location and due to global warming situation.

For more information please visit: weather-and-climate.com

Languages

The most commonly used language in the United States of America is English (Specifically American English), as this country does not have an official language. English is spoken by 78% of the United States population. There are other languages which are spoken at home other than English, like Spanish spoken by 13.4%, Indigenous languages and languages brought to this country by the people from Africa, Asia and Europe.

Majority of speakers of these languages are bilingual and also can speak English. Other languages like creoles and sign languages have developed in the United States. Approx 430 languages are spoken or signed by the people of America, of which some are indigenous or are formerly spoken in the country and now are extinct.

For more information please visit: en.wikipedia.org

Traffic

Driving in America is not as tough as many people may think. Roads are wider, less occupied and very simple than some other country’s road networks. But there are some exemptions like San Francisco city. After becoming an adult you can get driving license in the United States (minimum age is 18 years old). A valid driving license is must for the people who are willing to drive in this country. If you are a foreigner, then IDP (international driving permit) is required and a valid license from the country you have come from.

There are simple and basic driving rules, regulations and laws in the United States of America:

  • Drive on the right hand side of the road.
  • Pass others on the left hand side of the road.
  • Seat belt is must for all occupants in a vehicle.
  • Turning right is permitted while the traffic light is red.

For more information visit: usa.gov

Currency:

Unites States Dollar ($, US$, U$) is the official currency of the United States of America and in many other countries. US Dollar paper currency is in seven denominations, which are $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 and coins as cents or penny, in 1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 20¢, 25¢, 50¢ and $1. Nowadays the bills in larger denominations are not getting produced or issued by this nation, such as $500, $1,000, $5,000 or $10,000 bills. But they are still legal and are in circulation.

Payment Transaction

Payments are essential as the funds can be transferred from payer to payee after purchasing something. There are four main methods of payment transactions in the United Stated of America:

  • Cash payment: It is the most common way to pay for purchases. This includes bills and change (paper money and coins).
  • Cheque: Payment through the buyers account can be done by cheques.
  • Debit Card: Using the Debit Card means taking the money directly out of the customer’s account.
  • Credit Card: Another convenient option to pay for the purchases. Credit Cards do look like credit card but works differently.

 There are some popular online payment methods given below:

  • Visa Card.
  • Master Card
  • Affirm
  • American Express (AMEX)
  • Diners

 For more information visit: adyen.com

Cost of living in the United States

Average living cost in United States of America depends upon your lifestyle or your current situation, like whether you are working or a student. Cost of living varies from city to city and also if you are staying alone or with your family. The average monthly expense for a single person is approximately $3,200. And the monthly expense will rise if you want to move along with your family of four persons, which will be $7,500. Expensive cities are San Francisco (CA), New York (NY), Washington DC (The Capital),  San Jose, (CA) and Seattle (WA), etc,. Cities like El Paso (TX), Wichita (KS), Lexington (KY) and Tulsa (OK), Memphis (TN) are considered as most affordable to live in. If you want to live alone in expensive cities, it will cost approx more than $50,000 including rent and if you have a family of four people then approximately you need more than $70,000 excluding rent per annum. Food is cheap and if you are staying in a city where you can go by bicycle, walking till your university or office or live in a city with a good public transport system, then your cost of living will be much lower.

For more info visit: upwardli.com

Apartment Rent

Rent for one bedroom apartments in the city will cost you approx $1,500 from $1,100 a year before. The average monthly rent for all the apartments in the US rose instantly in 2021. Apartment rent also varies from state to state and city to city. State like California and North Carolina are more expensive than Arkansas and Tennessee. One bedroom apartment in the city center will cost you approx. $1,536 and same apartment, outside city will cost approx $1,250. An apartment of 3 bedrooms in the city center will cost you approx. $2,750 and outside the city, it will cost you approx $2,150.

Taxes  

Income taxes are imposed by the Federal Government in the United States of America. This country has separate federal, state, and local governments with taxes imposed at each of these levels. Taxes are levied on income, payroll, property, sales, capital gains, dividends, imports, estates and gifts and various kinds of Fee. Currently there are 7 federal income tax brackets all over the country with the rates of 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35%, AND 37%. With a marginal tax rate you should pay the tax rate on the amount of your income that comes into a certain range. If you are single then you must use the filing status. Taxpayers like you, who also have dependents, must file as “Head of Household”. To be in this category, you have to pay for atleast half of the household expenses, must be unmarried and have a qualifying dependent.

For more information please visit: smartasset.com

Education

In the United States, education is primarily organized into elementary, secondary, and higher education. The educational system is decentralized, with each state having its authority over education policies and curriculum standards. Public education is generally free and compulsory, beginning around the age of five or six with kindergarten and lasting through high school, which typically concludes at age 18. The language of instruction is English, and while there is a diverse range of private schools, homeschooling is legal in all 50 states, but the regulations and requirements can vary. This allows parents to educate their children outside traditional school settings. Homeschooling involves parents designing and implementing their curriculum or using established programs, with varying state requirements for reporting and assessment. Additionally, the U.S. hosts numerous international schools and universities that cater to foreign students, immigrants, and expats. Some of the most renowned universities include Harvard, MIT, and Stanford. Degrees from American institutions are widely accepted globally, with U.S. universities ranking among the top choices for international students pursuing higher education.

Health Insurance  

Health insurance in the United States of America is not free of cost. The consumer has to pay premiums to a health insurance company and that payment covers all your medical expenses. Expats can also buy health insurance in the United States. Now a days health care is very expensive, so it can cost you more than hundred dollars and if you get a chance to stay in the hospital then your expense can rise more than this. As a result it is good to carry health insurance with you beforehand to prevent the unexpected medical expense. You can purchase your health insurance privately or can have a social insurance or a welfare program funded by the government. There are many health insurance company’s website available on the internet, but please be alert while choosing the company and the health insurance program according to your convenience.

For more information visit: visitorguard.com

Important addresses

Austin–Bergstrom international Airport (OSL)
3600 Presidential Blvd,
Austin, Texas 78719,
Untied States
Ph: +1 512 530 2242
 
Los Angeles International Airport
1 World Way,
Los Angeles,
California 90045,
United States
Ph: +1 855 463 5252
Website: flylax.com
 
Nashville International Airport
1 Terminal Dr,
Tennessee 37214,
United States
Ph: +1 615 275 1675
 
8 Street Subway Station
New York,  
New York 10003,
United States
Website: mta.com
 
Wall Street Subway Station
New York 10006,
United States
 
DeKalb Avenue Subway Station
Brooklyn,  
New York 11217,
United States
 
Consulate General of India
3 E 64th St,
New York, NY 10065
United States
Ph: +1 347-721-9243
 
Consulate General of Malaysia
313 43rd St,
New York,
NY 10017,
United States
Ph: +1 212-490-2723
Website: kln.gov.my
 
Consulate General of the Netherlands
666 3rd Ave,
New York,
NY 10017,
United States
Ph: +1 646-557-2200
 
Royal Thai Consulate General
351 E 52nd St, New York,
NY 10022,
United States
Ph: +1 212-754-1770

Summary

The United States, celebrated for its happiness, beauty, and cultural richness, stretches from Alaska to Hawaii, providing a diverse landscape. As a global financial and cultural hub, it offers lucrative job opportunities and a robust education system. The sincerity of its people and a multicultural environment enhance its appeal. Home to Hollywood, a symbol of filmmaking, the U.S. ensures a quality lifestyle, with expenses varying based on chosen lifestyles. While relatively costly compared to other American countries, the U.S. justifies the expense with its environmental charm, diverse lifestyle options, and architectural marvels. With a vast landmass, the country offers varied living experiences, though finding quality accommodation can be a challenge. Living and working in the U.S. is a preferred choice for immigration due to its stable politics, welcoming attitude toward immigrants, and numerous attractions, including natural wonders, making it an ideal destination.

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