Schengen Area - The 26 Schengen Countries
The Schengen Area consists of 22 of the 27 EU member states plus the 4 EFTA countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland.
The EU member states Bulgaria, Cyprus, Ireland, Croatia and Romania are not Schengen Countries.
The EFTA member states are all part of the Schengen Area, an area comprising 26 European states that have eliminated border controls with other Schengen members and strengthened border controls with non- schengen countries. The Schengen area mostly functions as a single country for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy. Since 2001, the European Union has issued two lists regarding visas for the Schengen Area – a white list of countries whose nationals do not need visas and a black list of countries whose nationals do require visas. As per regulation no. 539/2001, reciprocity is required from all white list countries and territories. It means that these countries must offer visa free access for 90 days to citizens of the 26 Schengen member states.